Robert Moses State Parkway

The Niagara Scenic Parkway, formerly the Robert Moses State Parkway, runs along the Niagara River from I-190 to Fort Niagara State Park. At one time, it was a continuous highway, traveling through Niagara Falls State Park and under the Rainbow Bridge. The first segments were opened in 1962, and the entire Parkway to NY 18 east of Fort Niagara was completed by 1968.

The images below have been obtained from the USGS Eros Archive and Google Earth.

The Robert Moses State Parkway in Niagara Falls State Park in 1972
The Robert Moses State Parkway in Niagara Falls State Park in 2010
The Niagara Scenic Parkway and Riverway in 2018

The section within Niagara Falls State Park was removed in the 1980s to restore the park's original layout, making the parkway discontinuous and requiring the use of NY 384. In part of the Park, one way of traffic was maintained, and the other carriageway was used for parking until recently. This section was converted into a one-way "Riverway" with trails. As part of that, the interchange at the end was removed and replaced with a roundabout. The images above are from 1972 (top, USGS), 2010 (middle, Google/Maxar Technologies), and 2018 (bottom, Google).

2015 end of the northern section

The southern end of the present northern section was once an interchange and was modified with the section in the park was removed. It was modified again to change the end of the northern section into a single two-way carriageway. Much of the rest of the northern section was converted into a single two-way carriageway in the 2000s as part of a pilot program to convert the southbound carriageway into a multi-use path. In 2018 the Parkway was again truncated, this time to Findlay Drive, with traffic moved onto Whirlpool Street. The image above (Google) shows the single carriageway as it was in 2015.

The Parkway around the Whirlpool Bridge in 1970
The Parkway around the Whirlpool Bridge in 2018

The interchange with the Whirlpool Bridge was changed into an at-grade intersection with Findlay Drive to maintain access. This is the present end of the northern section of the Parkway. The Parkway was realigned to flow directly into Whirlpool Street when the section to the south was removed. The images above are from 1970 (top, USGS) and 2018 (bottom, Google).

The interchange between the Parkway and I-190

The interchange with I-190 (image from Google) was modified to preserve access to the southbound Parkway from I-190 when the parkway was modified. This resulted in the removal of access to I-190 from the northbound Parkway (the southbound Parkway never had direct access to I-190). Further north of here, between I-190 and the interchange with NY 104 and NY 18F, the road widens back to two carriageways. At the northern end, graded ramps show evidence of the planned eastern extension (image from Google), as does the stub on the Lake Ontario State Parkway (image from Google).

Northern end of the Robert Moses State Parkway
Western end of the Lake Ontario State Parkway